Basic income: The concept of a universal amount of money given to members of a community or country that is non-dependant on circumstances.

allowances from their country, the Protecting Power, or the relief societies referred to in Article 30.
Children under fifteen years, women that are pregnant and mothers of children under seven years shall benefit by any preferential treatment to exactly the same extent because the nationals of the State concerned.

  • Remember that this argument can easily expand to any aspect of the welfare state that improves people’s living standards.
  • The establishment of points of single contact shall be without prejudice to the allocation of functions and powers on the list of authorities within national systems.

The disciplinary regime in places of internment will be consistent with humanitarian principles, and shall in no circumstances include regulations imposing on internees any physical exertion dangerous with their health or involving physical or moral victimization.
Identification by tattooing or imprinting signs or markings on the body is prohibited.
Regulations, orders, notices and publications of every kind shall be communicated to the internees and posted in the places of internment, in a language that they understand.
Articles which have above all a personal or sentimental value might not be taken away.
Monies, cheques, bonds, etc., and valuables within their possession is probably not taken from them except in accordance with established procedure.
Internees shall be given opportunities for physical exercise, sports and outdoor games.

Article 109

The Occupying Power shall not hinder the application of any preferential measures in regards to food, health care and protection contrary to the effects of war, which might have been adopted prior to the occupation in favour of children under fifteen years, expectant mothers, and mothers of children under seven years.
The Occupying Power shall, with the cooperation of the national and local authorities, facilitate the proper working of all institutions devoted to the care and education of children.
Protected persons shall not be used in a Power which is not just a party to the Convention.
In applying the measures of control mentioned in today’s Convention, the Detaining Power shall not treat as enemy aliens exclusively on the basis of their nationality de jure of an enemy State, refugees who do not, in fact, benefit from the protection of any government.
Any protected one who has been interned or put into assigned residence shall be eligible for have such action reconsidered as quickly as possible by an appropriate court or administrative board designated by the Detaining Power for that purpose.

  • Whether structuring an application to be universal rather than focused on the indegent changes how it really is perceived.
  • Speaking with City leadership can help identify potential Departmental partnerships.
  • Many advanced industrial economies impose a value-added tax , that is just like a retail sales or consumption tax but collected at each stage of production of goods and services and harder to evade.
  • In the 1960s, the government faced urban unrest, the persistence of poverty despite programs to alleviate it, and the economic toll of the Vietnam War27.

The idea of a universal basic income identifies a monthly cash income paid to each member of society without regard to income from other sources sufficient reason for no strings attached.1 There is absolutely no precise degree of payment built into this is.
Proposals on the order of $14,000 per person — a number exceeding the state poverty line for single individuals in the US ($12,000) and totaling about one-quarter of US GDP — tend to be seen as somewhere between modest and substantial.
Proposals that are more generous have a tendency to hover around $18,000 or $20,000 per person.

Universal Basic Income

In fulfilment of the requirements lay out in paragraphs 1 and 2, the body approached by the recipient shall, if necessary, contact the relevant body for the Member State concerned.
The latter shall send the info requested as quickly as possible to the requesting body which shall forward the information to the recipient.
Member States shall make sure that those bodies give one another mutual assistance and shall set up all possible measures for effective cooperation.
Together with the Commission, Member States shall put in place practical arrangements essential for the implementation of paragraph 1.

UBI-like programs often try to improve health and well-being by reducing poverty, especially the type of with the lowest incomes7.
Experts are studying UBI-like programs to understand what sort of true universal basic income program might function and how it could replace or complement the current safety net3.
Universal basic income programs provide all or most individuals in a community with regular cash transfers, regardless of employment status, age, or other conditions.
Amounts vary but proposals emphasize that they should be enough for individuals to meet their basic needs also to live with dignity1, 2 without earned income3.

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