Gig economy: Concept of a country’s workers primarily being employed on short-term of one-off projects.

Last year Australia’s Fair Work Commission, an industrial-relations tribunal, ruled that an Uber driver was self-employed, no employee.

set of online marketplaces that have developed recently for short-term and freelance tasks.
Gig workers tend to be paid “piece rate” instead of earning a salary, like employees.
Uber, Handy, Upwork and PeoplePerHour are on the list of thousands of such platforms worldwide.
All sorts of services are on offer, from putting together a PowerPoint presentation to cleaning a residence.
Young urbanites have grown used to being able to order meals to be sent to their home for Sunday lunch, or to rent you to definitely accompany them to IKEA, a furniture giant, and help buying a sofa.

Big corporates and even many smaller businesses are moving towards creating their very own collaborative networks of part-time workers to lessen costs, have more work done, and expand their available talent pool.
The business owns no cars, yet it is the biggest cab operator brand in the world.

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Workers who was simply previously used in jobs such as retail and hospitality, and artisan and craftsman work , described their income from their new digital jobs as being better than their previous work.
Workers we interviewed because of this study noted that digital jobs were their main source of income, providing them and their family with food, clothing, and medicines.

However, many African countries are financially constrained, which makes the provision of welfare benefits through jobs very important for workers’ well-being.
Most informal workers in Africa aren’t covered by such programmes such as pensions that are generally open to formal sector workers.
Thus, the work and income insecurities within various informal activities, such as for example waste collection, street vending, plumbing, shoe mending, etc. (see Chen and Carré, 2020) are also within gig economy activities.
For African workers gig work therefore presents a paradox, where opportunities to earn livelihoods go alongside the many economic and job insecurities they already face locally.
In 2020, the voters in California approved 2020 California Proposition 22, which created a third worker classification whereby gig-worker-drivers are classified as contractors but get some good benefits, such as for example minimum wage, mileage reimbursement, and others.
With that said, we also desire to point out that will not mean digital workers cannot exercise their power over their employers, clients, and platforms to improve their working conditions and career prospects.

  • One controversial issue, though not unique to Europe, is the employment status of platform workers.
  • Gig economy term refers to a situation where an employee will not provide services in a full-time model but functions on the labor market by accepting temporary jobs and implementing specific projects.
  • The people who take part in the gig economy result from an array of backgrounds.
  • They aren’t in charge of providing employee benefits, such as sick leave and medical health insurance, and they often
  • According to McKinsey, a number of the fastest-growing gig economy segments come in the creative and knowledge-intensive industries.

23 Second, call centre workers rarely work for an employer long enough to become listed on a union, and due to the contractual nature of these jobs, workers could find themselves jobless after their contract ends.
A team leader at a call centre in Nairobi, Ken, told us he tried to recruit workers back December 2015 and by April 2016 he had about 150 workers who agreed to join the union.
But then seventy of them were fired from the business, and he had to start out all over again.
He told us that while he could be working again with a union organizer, he is

This can be described as a false consciousness developing among workers , given the little hope for career progression in actual fact .
The adoption of WFM tools in call centres ensures workforce productivity and efficiency (Brophy, 2017; Mosese and Mearns, 2016).
Wood in his ethnographic study of two contemporary firms highlighted a regime of control built around flexible scheduling implemented by management, which he terms ‘flexible despotism’.
This, Wood explains, involves managers disciplining workers by assigning them irregular hours and shifts, and at exactly the same time workers trying to win ‘schedule gifts’ or favour from the management in the form of better hours.

Benefits, Challenges, And Why The Gig Economy Is Controversial

discuss in the following subsections, the space for collective mobilization and freedom of association among African workers is narrowing, especially in the domain of digital economy.
6 He started as a temporary worker contracted through an employment agency in 2014.

the system level, going for a tech-positive approach.
Between 2017 and 2022, the proportion of global online workers in america has fallen from 9.5 to 2.5 per cent.
More reliable measurements have used platform activity and revenue data to estimate how big is digital labour platforms.
In contrast to survey data, which is often country- or region-specific, the next two sources enable a global mapping and longitudinal understanding of digital labour platforms instantly.
A variety of regulatory responses have started to tackle some issues, but most proposed solutions and existing developments are centered on piecemeal change.

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If the talent proves to be significantly less than acceptable, there is no contract to help keep the employee on or issues of permitting them to go.
In addition, in a period when it has become difficult to attract full-time workers, employers can hire from the gig economy.
Lastly, as a result of fluid nature of gig economy transactions and relationships, long-term relationships between workers, employers, clients, and vendors can erode.
This can eliminate the benefits that flow from building long-term trust, customary practice, and familiarity with clients and employers.
In effect, workers in a gig economy tend to be more like entrepreneurs than traditional workers.

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