Hindi: A language spoken in India.

This language family predominates, accounting for a few 1035 million speakers, or over 76.5 of the populace, according to a 2018 estimate.
The most widely spoken languages of this group are Hindi, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Marathi, Urdu, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kashmiri, Rajasthani, Sindhi, Assamese , Maithili and Odia.

The debate over Hindi’s prominence has raged since before India’s independence.
Though there are more Hindi speakers than those of any native language in India, they’re largely concentrated in the populous, politically powerful states in the north referred to as the Hindi belt.

  • There are around 1.3 million Bodo speaking people in the north-east region of India and Nepal.
  • The Government of India uses Hunterian transliteration as its official system of writing Hindi in the Latin script.
  • India, mainly spread across Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal.
  • Bodo or Boro is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Bodo people surviving in the Northeast, Nepal and Bangladesh.
  • It really is written in Ol Chiki script invented by Raghunath Murmu at the end of 19th century.

However, in later stages, all of the Dravidian languages were heavily influenced by Sanskrit.
The major Dravidian languages are Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam.


One of the world’s longest-surviving classical languages, Tamil comes with an incredible literary history that goes back over two millennia.
With just 2.9 million speakers, Nepali is not among the major languages in India.
However, hawaii of Sikkim and the Darjeeling Sadar subdivision, together with the Kalimpong district of West Bengal are home to significant Nepali-speaking populations.
In Bangladesh, Bengali may be the most spoken language, with 98% of Bangladeshis speaking it fluently.

Making English, as preferred by non-Hindi speakers, particularly Kannadigas and Tamils, and the ones from Mizoram and Nagaland, the state language.
Making “Hindi”, which a plurality of the people (41%) identified as their native language, the official language.
The following table is really a set of languages from the Indian subcontinent by total number of speakers as it appears in the 2019 edition of Ethnologue, a language reference published by SIL International, which is based in the United States.

Both Hindi & Urdu share a core vocabulary of native Prakrit and Sanskrit-derived words.
However, Hindi is written in the Devanagari script possesses more Sanskrit-derived words than Urdu, whereas Urdu is written in the Perso-Arabic script and uses more Arabic and Persian loanwords in comparison to Hindi.
Because of this, plus the fact that both registers share the same grammar, a consensus of linguists consider them to be two standardised types of the same language, Hindustani or Hindi-Urdu.
Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan and is among 22 official languages of India, also having official status in Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, Telangana and Bihar.
Modern Standard Hindi is based on the Delhi dialect, the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region, which came to replace earlier prestige dialects such as for example Awadhi and Braj.
Urdu – considered

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The Constitution of India lists these 6 additional languages as ‘official’ .
Linguistically, Hindi and Urdu are two registers of exactly the same language and are mutually intelligible.

One of many dialects of Hindi, Chhattisgarhi, was recently declared the official language of Chhattisgarh.
When the constitution was drawn up in 1949 it had been decided that India should have nobody national language.
Coming in third behind Hindi and Bengali as the most common language spoken in India is Telugu.

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Besides this, it is mostly spoken in Pakistan’s Sindh and Balochistan provinces.
In Sindh, it’s the official language of the Sindh state in Pakistan.
Its main dialects include Lari, Vicholi, Siroli, Thari, Macharia, Dukslinu, etc.
Out of these, Vicholi is the standard dialect that’s used by Sindhi speakers.
It is also one of the 22 official languages in India and an official language in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Besides this, additionally it is used as an official language in the district of Yanam in Pondicherry.
Telugu is really a Dravidian language as it is one of the South Central branch of the Dravidian language family.

Many tourists say that the better your English is, the more income you have in the eyes of Indian merchants.
After independence, it became too much to select one from the thousands spoken.

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